55 Hospitals To Pay $35M+ To Settle FCA Claims Charges On Kyphoplasty Procedures

Whistleblowers Played A Big Role, Collectively Will Receive $5.5 Million From Settlement Proceeds

Fifty-five hospitals in 21 states will pay a total of more than $34 million to settle Justice Department allegations that the health care facilities submitted false claims to Medicare for a minimally-invasive procedure used to treat certain spinal fractures that often are due to osteoporosis known as “kyphoplasty.”

The settlement stems from charges by the Justice Department and Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) Office of Inspector General (OIG) that the settling hospitals frequently billed Medicare for performing kyphoplasty procedures on the more costly inpatient basis, rather than an outpatient basis, in order to increase their Medicare billings  when the kyphoplasty could have been performed safely and effectively as an outpatient procedure without any need for a more costly hospital admission.

With the settlements announced July 1,  the Justice Department says it has now reached settlements with more than 100 hospitals totaling approximately $75 million to resolve allegations that they mischarged Medicare for kyphoplasty procedures.   Justice Department officials credited whistleblowers with helping it to identify the charged misconduct in virtually all of the cases.  They collectively will receive an estimated $5.5 million of the total of $34 million to be paid under the settlements.

 55 Settlements Impact Systems & Providers Across The Nation

According to the Justice Department’s July 1 announcement of the settlements, the settling facilities, and the amounts they have agreed to pay, include 23 hospitals affiliated with HCA Inc., Nashville, TN, who have agreed to pay a total of $7,145,842.72.  These include:

  •  Aventura Hospital & Medical Center, Aventura, FL
  • Capital Regional Medical Center, Tallahassee, FL
  • Coliseum Medical Center,  Macon, GA
  • Coliseum Northside Hospital, Macon, GA
  • Conroe Regional Medical Center, Conroe, TX
  • Denton Regional Medical Center, Denton, TX
  • Doctors Hospital of Sarasota,  Sarasota, FL
  • Edmond Regional Medical Center, Edmond, OK
  • Fawcett Memorial Hospital, Port Charlotte, FL
  • Fort Walton Beach Medical Center, Fort Walton Beach, FL
  • Garden Park Medical Center, Gulf Port, MS
  • JFK Medical Center, Atlantis, FL
  • Los Robles Regional Medical Center, Thousand Oaks, CA
  • North Florida Regional Medical Center,  Gainesville, FL
  • Northlake Medical Center,  Tucker, GA
  • Oklahoma University Medical Center,  Oklahoma City, OK
  • Palmyra Medical Center,  Albany, GA
  • Redmond Regional Medical Center,  Rome, GA
  • Southwest Florida Regional Medical Center,  Fort Myers, FL
  • St. Lucie Medical Center,  Port Saint Lucie, FL
  • Summit Medical Center,  Hermitage, TN
  • Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center,  Las Vegas, NV
  • Wesley Medical Center, Wichita, KS

Also 6 hospitals affiliated with Lifepoint Hospitals, Inc., Brentwood, TN, have agreed to pay a total of $2,522,502.69.  These include:

  • Andalusia Regional Hospital, Andalusia, AL
  • Jackson Purchase Medical Center, Mayfield, KY
  • Lake Cumberland Regional Hospital,  Somerset, KY
  • Minden Medical Center,  Minden, LA
  • Russellville Hospital, Russellville, AL
  • Western Plains Medical Complex,  Dodge City, KS

Also, 5  hospitals affiliated with Trinity Health, Livonia, MI, have agreed to pay a total of $3,910,017.53.  These include:

  • Mercy Medical Center, – Dubuque,  Dubuque, IA
  • Mercy Medical Center – Sioux City,  Sioux City, IA
  • St. Joseph Mercy Hospital,  Pontiac, MI
  • Mercy Health Partners,  Muskegon, MI
  • Mount Carmel New Albany Surgical Hospital,  New Albany, OH

Justice Department officials also report that 4hospitals affiliated with Morton Plant Mease BayCare Health System, Clearwater, FL, have agreed to pay a total of $2,378,325.45.  These include:

  • Morton Plant Hospital,  Clearwater, FL
  • Morton Plant North Bay Hospital,  New Port Richey, FL
  • Mease Dunedin Hospital, Dunedin, FL
  • Mease Countryside Hospital, Safety Harbor, FL

Justice Department officials also say 3  hospitals affiliated with Baptist Memorial Health Care Corporation, Memphis, TN, have agreed to pay a total of $691,168.  These are:

  • Baptist Memorial Hospital-Golden Triangle, North Columbus, MS
  • Baptist Memorial Hospital-Collierville,  Collierville, TN
  • Baptist Memorial Hospital-Memphis,  Memphis, TN

In addition, Justice Department officials say 2 hospitals affiliated with Covenant Health, Knoxville, TN, have agreed to pay a total of $1,845,641.74.  These are  Parkwest Medical Center in  Knoxville, TN  and Methodist Medical Center of Oak Ridge in Oak Ridge, TN.

Meanwhile, 2 hospitals affiliated with Bayhealth Medical Center, Newark, DE, also reportedly have agreed to pay a total of $1,115,306.37.  These are Bayhealth Kent General Hospital,  Dover, DE  and Bayhealth Milford Memorial Hospital,  Milford, DE.

In addition to these hospitals, the following facilities have agreed to pay the following settlements:

  • Atrium Medical Center, Middletown, OH, has agreed to pay $4,232,992.50
  • Altru Health System, Grand Forks, ND, has agreed to pay $1,492,690
  • Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, has agreed to pay $1,485,846
  • Des Peres Hospital, St. Louis, MO, has agreed to pay $900,000
  • Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami, FL, has agreed to pay $1,846,194.00
  • New England Baptist Hospital, Boston, MA, has agreed to pay $374,814.48
  • St. Anne’s Hospital, Fall River, MA, has agreed to pay $552,745
  • The Queen’s Medical Center, Honolulu, HI, has agreed to pay $1,055,249.57
  • Trover Health System, Madisonville, KY, has agreed to pay $1,162,837
  • Wayne Memorial Hospital, Goldsboro, NC, has agreed to pay $1,250,000.

In addition to today’s settlement, the government previously settled with Medtronic Spine LLC, the corporate successor to Kyphon Inc., for $75 million to settle allegations that the company defrauded Medicare by counseling hospital providers to perform kyphoplasty procedures as inpatient rather than outpatient procedures.

According to Tom O’Donnell, Special Agent in Charge of the Office of Investigations of the HHS-OIG New York Regional Office,  “The settlements related to kyphoplasty billing that have been reached with over 100 hospitals represent one of the largest and most successful multi-party health care investigations in the nation.”

While these settlements relate specifically to kyphoplasty procedures, they send a message impacting all procedures and practice areas that they risk OIG and/or Justice Department prosecution if procedures are performed in a most costly manner to increase reimbursement which is not medically necessary.  Justice Department officials warned health care providers  that Justice and OIG will act “Whenever hospitals knowingly overcharge Medicare, critically needed resources are wasted and health costs are driven up.”

Whistleblower Involvement Played Big Role

As in other recently announced settlement agreements, see e.g., Whistleblower Collects $2.7 M of $14.5M Sound Inpatient Physicians Overbilling Settlement, whistleblower involvement played a key role in helping OIG and Justice to identify and prosecute the alleged misconduct.

According to the Justice Department, all but four of the settling facilities announced today were named as defendants in a qui tam, or whistleblower, lawsuit brought under the False Claims Act, which permits private citizens to bring lawsuits on behalf of the United States and receive a portion of the proceeds of any settlement or judgment awarded against a defendant.  The lawsuit was filed in federal district court in Buffalo, N.Y., by Craig Patrick and Charles Bates.  Mr. Patrick is a former reimbursement manager for Kyphon, and Mr. Bates was formerly a regional sales manager for Kyphon in Birmingham, Ala.  The whistleblowers will receive a total of approximately $5.5 million from the settlements.

 Mitigate Risks With Effective Oversight of Both Documentation & Operations

As Acting Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Division Stuart F. Delery noted in the settlement announcement. “Physicians who participate in Medicare and other federal health care programs must document and bill for their services accurately and honestly.” With qui tam and other whistleblower participation, the Justice Department, HHS and other federal and state fraud investigators go beyond merely challenging whether the medical record documentation supports the charges billed to question whether the medical record itself accurately reflects the care in fact delivered by relying upon testimony of employees or other “insiders” often with an axe to grind against the provider.

To mitigate these exposures, health care providers clearly should work diligently both to ensure that their billing and other compliance programs accurately, honestly and completely document the care provided and code and bill for those services in accordance with the currently applicable federal program rules.  While these compliance and risk management programs are indispensable components of any effective health care fraud compliance program, health care providers also should recognize that the effectiveness of their health care fraud and other compliance program also may depend on the effectiveness of their operational and workforce oversight and management.  Along with effective billing and other fraud detection and compliance programs, providers also need effective medical quality and records documentation, provider and workforce performance and management, investigations and other management programs.

As a key element of these activities, providers should constantly be on watch for evidence of gaps between the medical and billing documentation and the factual realities looking at broad range of sources. Providers should target these activities to cover both specific medical documentation, coding and care, and other operational indicators that could show a problem.  With qui tam and other whistleblower claims rising, however, providers should keep in mind that mere auditing of records and billing patterns alone often fails to uncover key evidence of potential concerns.

To help identify potential areas of scrutiny, providers should carefully monitor and examine the adequacy of their compliance and risk management agreements against corporate integrity agreements with other providers who have reached settlements with the Department of Justice, HHS Office of Inspector General or other agencies like the TranS1 Inc. Corporate Integrity Agreement .

Health care providers also should take into account a plethora of other potential indicators including but not limited to peer review and quality assurance data, deficient as well as inexplicably exceptional medical record or other record keeping documentation, hotline, exist interview and other workforce feedback, disagreements among providers in patterns of care, political and interpersonal differences, and a host of other indicators that could show a valid compliance concern or a developing hostility that could become the incentive for a whistleblower or other complaint. Providers should document these and other efforts to investigate, monitor and redress potential concerns  In addition, providers also should guard against qui tam, retaliation and other claims by ensuring that their human resources, peer review, credentialing, background and other investigations, privacy and other operational activities are designed, documented to be both legally compliant and defensible.

For More Information Or Assistance

If you need assistance reviewing or responding to these or other health care related risk management, compliance, enforcement or management concerns, the author of this update, attorney Cynthia Marcotte Stamer, may be able to help. Vice President of the North Texas Health Care Compliance Professionals Association, Past Chair of the ABA Health Law Section Managed Care & Insurance Section and the former Board Compliance Chair of the National Kidney Foundation of North Texas, Ms. Stamer has more than 25 years experience advising health industry clients about these and other matters.

Ms. Stamer has extensive experience advising and assisting health care providers and other health industry clients to establish and administer compliance and risk management policies and to respond to DEA and other health care industry investigation, enforcement and other compliance, public policy, regulatory, staffing, and other operations and risk management concerns. A popular lecturer and widely published author on health industry concerns, Ms. Stamer continuously advises health industry clients about compliance and internal controls, workforce and medical staff performance, quality, governance, reimbursement, and other risk management and operational matters. Ms. Stamer also publishes and speaks extensively on health and managed care industry regulatory, staffing and human resources, compensation and benefits, technology, public policy, reimbursement and other operations and risk management concerns including a number of programs and publications on OCR Civil Rights rules and enforcement actions. Her insights on these and other related matters appear in the Health Care Compliance Association, Atlantic Information Service, Bureau of National Affairs, World At Work, The Wall Street Journal, Business Insurance, the Dallas Morning News, Modern Health Care, Managed Healthcare, Health Leaders, and a many other national and local publications.  You can get more information about her health industry experience here. If you need assistance with these or other compliance concerns, wish to ask about arranging for compliance audit or training, or need legal representation on other matters please contact Ms. Stamer at (469) 767-8872 or via e-mail here.

If you or someone else you know would like to receive future updates about developments on these and other concerns, please be sure that we have your current contact information – including your preferred e-mail – by creating or updating your profile here. For important information about this communication click here.

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If you or someone else you know would like to receive future updates about developments on these and other concerns, please be sure that we have your current contact information – including your preferred e-mail – by creating or updating your profile here. For important information about this communication click here. 


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