As Americans prepare to celebrate the July 4th holiday, CISA, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Department of the Treasury (Treasury), and the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) are warning of a cyber threat for Remote Desktop users. Health care, health plan, healthcare clearing houses, their business associates and other security sensitive organizations using remote access technology should perform and document their risk assessment and any corrective actions taken as part of their continuing Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (“HIPAA”), Fair and Accurate Credit Transactioms Act (FACTA”), government contracting, securities law, and other data security compliance.
The joint Cybersecurity Advisory (CSA), #StopRansomware: MedusaLocker, published July 1 alerts of the risk of MedusaLocker ransomware. MedusaLocker actors target vulnerabilities in Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) to access victims’ networks.
CISA, FBI, Treasury and FinCEN are encouraging network defenders to examine their current cybersecurity posture and apply the recommended mitigations in this joint CSA, which include:
- Prioritize remediating known exploited vulnerabilities.
- Train users to recognize and report phishing attempts.
- Enable and enforce multifactor authentication.
When assessing Remote Desktop protocol risks, covered entities, business associates and other security concerned organizations also should examine their exposures to other vulnerabilities.
A key resource for monitoring some of these vulnerabilities is the CISA Known Exploited Vulnerabilities Catalog, which lists exposures based on evidence of active exploitation. These types of vulnerabilities are a frequent attack vector for malicious cyber actors and pose significant risk federal enterprises. CISA strongly urges all organizations to reduce their exposure to cyberattacks by prioritizing timely remediation of Catalog vulnerabilities as part of their vulnerability management practice. CISA will continue to add vulnerabilities to the Catalog that meet the specified criteria.
The Department of Health & Human Services Office of Civil Rights (‘“OCR”) guidance and enforcement makes clear covered entities and business associates must monitor and take appropriate actions to update their security in response to emerging cyber security threats.
Along with monitoring and responding to this and other security threats, covered entities also should add reviewing and updating their HI-AA practices in response to new guidance OCR issued this week in response to the Supreme Court Dobbs vs. Jackson Women’s Health Organization abortion ruling. The HIPAA Privacy Rule and Disclosures of Information Relating to Reproductive Health Care guidance generally addresses when the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Privacy Rule restricts or allows individuals’ private medical information (known as “protected health information” or “PHI”) relating to abortion and other sexual and reproductive health care. For more details, see here.
Beyond HIPAA, malware and other data or system security breaches and susceptibilities can create liability risks under tax, securities, government contracting, FACTA and a wide range of federal and state laws. For instance, with cybersecurity threats and compliance concerns growing, the SEC is prioritizing cybersecurity regulation, investigation and enforcement against public companies and other market participants for lack cybersecurity governance, safeguards or disclosures. See e.g., SEC Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations Cybersecurity and Resiliency Observations. Along announcing its commitment to hold market involved and impacting regulated entities accountable for failing to maintain and enforce appropriate internal and external controls to prevent, detect and redress cybersecurity threats, including appropriate board governance and risk management, access rights and controls, data loss prevention, mobile security, incident response and resiliency, vendor management, training and awareness, investor disclosures and other practices.
Healthcare providers and other covered entities, their business associates and others with data security responsibilities or sensitivities should respond promptly and carefully document their risk analysis and response in response to these emerging concerns.
We hope this update is helpful. For more information about the these or other health or other legal, management or public policy developments, please contact the author Cynthia Marcotte Stamer via e-mail or via telephone at (214) 452 -8297.
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About the Author
Recognized by her peers as a Martindale-Hubble “AV-Preeminent” (Top 1%) and “Top Rated Lawyer” with special recognition LexisNexis® Martindale-Hubbell® as “LEGAL LEADER™ Texas Top Rated Lawyer” in Health Care Law and Labor and Employment Law; as among the “Best Lawyers In Dallas” for her work in the fields of “Labor & Employment,” “Tax: ERISA & Employee Benefits,” “Health Care” and “Business and Commercial Law” by D Magazine, Cynthia Marcotte Stamer is a practicing attorney board certified in labor and employment law by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization and management consultant, author, public policy advocate and lecturer widely known for 30+ years of health industry and other management work, public policy leadership and advocacy, coaching, teachings, and publications.
A Fellow in the American College of Employee Benefit Counsel, Vice Chair of the American Bar Association (“ABA”) International Section Life Sciences and Health Committee, Past Chair of the ABA Managed Care & Insurance Interest Group, Scribe for the ABA JCEB Annual Agency Meeting with HHS-OCR, past chair of the the ABA RPTE Employee Benefits & Other Compensation Group and current co-Chair of its Welfare Benefit Committee, Ms. Stamer is most widely recognized for her decades of pragmatic, leading edge work, scholarship and thought leadership on health and managed care industry legal, public policy and operational concerns.
Ms. Stamer’s work throughout her 30 plus year career has focused heavily on working with health care and managed care, health and other employee benefit plan, insurance and financial services and other public and private organizations and their technology, data, and other service providers and advisors domestically and internationally with legal and operational compliance and risk management, performance and workforce management, regulatory and public policy and other legal and operational concerns.
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