OCR’s Proposed Sex & Other Discrimination Rules Spell Headaches & New Risks For Health Care Providers, Insurers & Others

September 3, 2015

November 6, 2015 is the deadline for health care providers, health insurance exchanges, Medicare Advantage plans, Medicaid Advantage plans, health insurers providing coverage in the health insurance marketplaces, their contractors and other concerned parties to comment on a proposed rule on Nondiscrimination in Health Programs and Activities published today by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to implement the federal prohibition against sex discrimination in health programs and activities enacted under Section 1557 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) and tightening other nondiscrimination requirements that generally apply to Health Insurance Marketplaces, any health program that HHS itself administers, and any health program or activity, any part of which receives funding from HHS, such as hospitals that accept Medicare patients or doctors who treat Medicaid patients, and health insurance issurers participating in the Health Insurance Marketplaces, Medicare or Medicaid Advantage Plans and other entities covered by the HHS Office of Civil Rights (OCR) civil rights rules (covered entities) and various other programs and activities administered by HHS’ Office of Civil Rights (OCR).

Since OCR already aggressively investigates and enforces federal prohibitions against discrimination based on race, color, national origin, disability, age and sex against covered entities as part of the Obama Administration’s broader civil rights agenda, covered entities can look forward to OCR’s adoption of the proposed rules to add even more teeth and fire to the already aggressive enforcement by OCR of health care providers, insurers and other parties subject to the civil rights laws enforced by OCR. See. e.g., Health Care Employer’s Discrimination Triggers Medicare, EEOC Prosecutions; Genesis Healthcare Disability HHS OCR Discrimination Settlement Reminder To Use Interpreters, Other Needed Accommodations For Disabled; OCR Settlements Show Health Care & Disabled Housing Providers Face Growing Disability Discrimination Risks Given the often multimillion dollar penalties and other heavy sanctions that OCR already has imposed against a long and ever-growing list of state and other health care, child care, elder care, insurance and other entities for violating the discrimination or other civil rights rules administered by OCR, health care and other providers, Medicare and Medicaid Advantage and other insurers, and other covered entities generally will want both to carefully review and comment as appropriate on the proposed rules, as well as review and tighten as advisable their existing practices to reduce the risk of being sanctioned, excluded or both for violation of these nondiscrimination and other civil rights requirements by OCR. In this respect, covered entities will want both to evaluate their risks and responsibilities under the specific rules about Section 1557’s sex discrimination prohibits, as well as changes that more broadly affect the interpretation and enforcement of the nondiscrimination rules enforced by OCR generally.

Sex and Gender Identity Discrimination

Concerning the new prohibition against sex discrimination added by Section 1557 of the ACA, the proposed rule expressly provides that covered entities must treat woman equally with men in the health care they receive generally as well as specifically comments on the obligations of covered insurers with respect to sex discrimination including gender identity. While other provisions of the ACA bar certain types of sex discrimination in insurance, for example by prohibiting women from being charged more than men for coverage, the proposed regulation makes clear that the protections of Section 1557 reach even more broadly to prohibit sex discrimination both in the health coverage patients obtain as well as in the health services they seek from providers.

Not unexpectedly in light of the Supreme Court’s ruling in Obergefell and the Obama Administration’s proactive agenda on the advance of rights for lesbian, bisexual, gay and transsexual (LBGT) individuals, the proposed rule makes clear that OCR construes prohibited sex discrimination under Section 1557 to include discrimination based on gender identity as well as to address various coverage and care practices that OCR views as prohibited sex discrimination of LBGT individuals. In this respect, the proposed rule makes clear HHS’s commitment, as a matter of policy, to preventing discrimination based on sexual orientation by providing, among other things that Individuals may not be subject to discrimination based on gender identity by any covered entities including insurance policies and their issuers. OCR also highlights various policy provisions and other practices by insurers that it views as prohibited sex discrimination against transsexual individuals such as categorical exclusions on coverage of all care related to gender transition.  Similarly, the proposed rule also states that health care providers, insurers and other covered person must treat all individuals consistent with their gender identity, including in access to facilities. Beyond the already proposed safeguards against sex discrimination based on gender identity, OCR also requests comment on how a final rule can incorporate the most robust set of protections  against discrimination that are supported by the courts on an ongoing basis.

Other Nondiscrimination Rule Expansions

Beyond its requirements relating to sex discrimination, the proposed rule also addresses a host of other concerns relating to the civil rights rules more generally. As an initial matter, the proposed rule invites individuals in protected classes to file complaints and pursue other enforcement by confirming that OCR interprets Section 1557 as allowing individuals to seek legal remedies for discrimination under Section 1557. While OCR already has been allowing this in practice, this blessing of the right of individuals to seek legal remedies unquestionably will encourage the filing of more complaints and other private actions.

The proposed rule also would add more teeth to the already aggressive enforcement by OCR of its position that covered entities must accommodate community deficiencies of persons with cognitive, speech, hearing or other disabilities and English proficiency limitations on their ability to communicate on health care matters by establishing more detailed minimum standards for the provision of language services, such as oral interpreters and written translations to persons with limited English proficiency and to provide individuals with hearing or other disabilities affecting their ability to communicate to provide auxiliary aids and services, including alternative formats and sign language interpreters, and the accessibility of programs offered through electronic and information technology.  These proposed requirements are designed to provide more teeth and compliance with OCR’s expectation that covered entities will affirmatively act to offer accommodations needed to ensure the ability of individuals to communicate when the individual’s ability to understand or respond is impaired by disabilities or limited English proficiency.

Also, the proposed regulations specifically addresses various practices by Medicare and Medicaid Advantage plans and other insurers offering coverage in the marketplace that OCR views as discriminatory. For instance, the proposed rule states that insurers participating or offering coverage through any Health Insurance Marketplace cannot engage in any marketing practices or benefit designs that discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability.  This prohibition would extend to all the plans of insurers participating in the Marketplace are covered by the proposed rule.

Beyond the already proposed expansion in the current regulatory expectations, OCR also invites input about additional requirements to broaden the safeguards in the proposed regulations by requesting comment on whether Section 1557 should include an exemption for religious organizations and what the scope of any such exemption should be as well as comment on how a final rule can incorporate the most robust set of protections  against discrimination that are supported by the courts on an ongoing basis.

Unquestionably these and other changes proposed in the proposed regulation likely will impact the practices and risks of virtually all covered entities. The proposed rule is open for public comment through November 6, 2015. Covered entities and other interested persons will want to promptly review the specifics of the proposed regulation in light of OCR’s already existing investigation and enforcement activities and their current or contemplated practices. To the extent appropriate, covered entities will want to ensure that they carefully prepare and submit all revelevant comment or other feedback promptly submitted on or before the November 6, 2015 comment deadline. Whether or not a covered entity elects to comment of the proposed regulations, however, all covered entities also should begin tightening and adapting their existing policies and practices to respond to the positions revealed by the proposed regulations, as OCR’s enforcement activities reflect that OCR will act to enforce many of these expectations even as it pursues adoption of the proposed regulations in final form.

For More Information Or Assistance

If you need assistance reviewing or responding to these or other health care related risk management, compliance, enforcement or management concerns, the author of this update, attorney Cynthia Marcotte Stamer, may be able to help. Vice President of the North Texas Health Care Compliance Professionals Association, Past Chair of the ABA Health Law Section Managed Care & Insurance Section, Board Certified in Labor & Employment Law, and the former Board Compliance Chair of the National Kidney Foundation of North Texas, Ms. Stamer has more than 28 years experience advising health industry clients about these and other matters. Her experience includes more than 23 years experience advising and defending hospitals, nursing home, home health, rehabilitation and other health care, housing, insurance and other  clients to establish and administer compliance and risk management policies; prevent, conduct and investigate, and respond to discrimination and other charges from OCR, HUD, EEOC, DOJ, private claimants and others.  She also advises and assists a broad range of health industry and other clients to respond to and defend Board of Medicine, Department of Aging & Disability, Drug Enforcement Agency, OCR, CMS & other HHS agencies, Department of Labor, IRS, DOD and other health care industry investigation, enforcement and other compliance, public policy, regulatory, staffing, and other operations and risk management concerns.  The scribe for the American Bar Association (ABA) Joint Committee on Employee Benefits annual agency meeting for several years with OCR.  Ms. Stamer also works extensively with health care providers, health plans and insurers, health care clearinghouses, their business associates, employers, banks and other financial institutions, and others on risk management and compliance, investigations, defense, and other actions by plaintiffs, OCR and other federal or state agencies, reporting known or suspected violations, business associate and other contracting, commenting or obtaining other clarification of guidance, training and enforcement, and a host of other related concerns.  Her clients include public and private health care providers, health insurers, health plans, technology and other vendors, and others.  In addition to representing and advising these organizations, she also has conducted training on discrimination and other civil rights, pandemic and other contagious disease, HIPAA, FACTA, PCI, medical confidentiality, insurance confidentiality and other privacy and data security compliance, quality, reimbursement, and a broad range of other industry internal controls, compliance, risk management, employment, patient safety, staffing, credentialing, board governance, antitrust, contracting and other legal and operational concerns for a multitude of clients and associations ranging from the Association of State & Territorial Health Plans, Los Angeles County Health Department, ISSA, HIMMS, the ABA, the American Health Lawyers Association, the Medical Group Management Association, SHRM, schools, medical societies, government and private health care and health plan organizations, their business associates, trade associations and others.

A popular lecturer and widely published author on health industry concerns, Ms. Stamer continuously advises health industry clients about compliance and internal controls, workforce and medical staff performance, quality, governance, reimbursement, and other risk management and operational matters. Ms. Stamer also publishes and speaks extensively on health and managed care industry regulatory, staffing and human resources, compensation and benefits, technology, public policy, reimbursement and other operations and risk management concerns. Her insights on these and other related matters appear in the Health Care Compliance Association, Atlantic Information Service, Bureau of National Affairs, The Wall Street Journal, Business Insurance, the Dallas Morning News, Modern Health Care, Managed Healthcare, Health Leaders, and a many other national and local publications.  You can get more information about her health industry experience here. If you need assistance responding to concerns about the matters discussed in this publication or other health care concerns, wish to obtain information about arranging for training or presentations by Ms. Stamer, wish to suggest a topic for a future program or update, or wish to request other information or materials, please contact Ms. Stamer via telephone at (214) 452-8297 or via e-mail here.

If you or someone else you know would like to receive future updates about developments on these and other concerns from Ms. Stamer, see here.

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Other Helpful Resources & Other Information

We hope that this information is useful to you.   If you found these updates of interest, you also be interested in one or more of the following other recent articles published on the Coalition for Responsible Health Care Reform electronic publication available here, our electronic Solutions Law Press Health Care Update publication available here, or our HR & Benefits Update electronic publication available hereYou also can get access to information about how you can arrange for training on “Building Your Family’s Health Care Toolkit,”  using the “PlayForLife” resources to organize low-cost wellness programs in your workplace, school, church or other communities, and other process improvement, compliance and other training and other resources for health care providers, employers, health plans, community leaders and others here. If you or someone else you know would like to receive future updates about developments on these and other concerns, please be sure that we have your current contact information – including your preferred e-mail by creating or updating your profile here. You can reach other recent updates and other informative publications and resources.

Examples of some of these recent health care related publications include:

If you or someone else you know would like to receive future updates about developments on these and other concerns, please be sure that we have your current contact information – including your preferred e-mail – by creating or updating your profile here. For important information concerning this communication click here.THE FOLLOWING DISCLAIMER IS INCLUDED TO COMPLY WITH AND IN RESPONSE TO U.S. TREASURY DEPARTMENT CIRCULAR 230 REGULATIONS.  ANY STATEMENTS CONTAINED HEREIN ARE NOT INTENDED OR WRITTEN BY THE WRITER TO BE USED, AND NOTHING CONTAINED HEREIN CAN BE USED BY YOU OR ANY OTHER PERSON, FOR THE PURPOSE OF (1) AVOIDING PENALTIES THAT MAY BE IMPOSED UNDER FEDERAL TAX LAW, OR (2) PROMOTING, MARKETING OR RECOMMENDING TO ANOTHER PARTY ANY TAX-RELATED TRANSACTION OR MATTER ADDRESSED HEREIN.

©2015 Cynthia Marcotte Stamer, P.C. Non-exclusive license to republish granted to Solutions Law Press.  All other rights reserved.


Last Call: Today Deadline To Comment on Proposed Edits To CMS Nursing Home Civil Monetary Penalty Regs

August 11, 2010

Today (August 11, 2010) is the deadline to submit comments on proposed changes to Medicare and Medicaid regulations governing the imposition and collection of civil monetary penalties against nursing homes for failing to comply with Medicare & Medicaid regulations. 

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services proposed regulations that would expand and revise current Medicare and Medicaid regulations regarding the imposition and collection of  civil money penalties by CMS when nursing homes are not in compliance with Federal participation requirements in accordance with the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 on July 12.  A copy of the proposed regulations is available for review here.  Comments must be submitted today by 5 P.M. Eastern Time.

If you need assistance evaluating, preparing comments, or responding to the proposed regulations or with other health industry matters, please consider contacting the author of this update.  Attorney Cynthia Marcotte Stamer, has extensive experience advising and assisting health care providers and other health industry clients with reimbursement, compliance, public policy, regulatory, staffing, and other operations and risk management matters. Ms. Stamer also regularly publishes and conducts training on health industry compliance, management and operations matters.  You can get more information about her health industry experience here.  If you need assistance with these or other compliance concerns, wish to inquire about arranging for compliance audit or training, or need legal representation on other matters please contact Ms. Stamer at (469) 767-8872 or via e-mail here

Other Recent Developments

If you found this information of interest, you also may be interested in reviewing some of the following recent Updates available online by clicking on the article title:

For More Information

We hope that this information is useful to you. If you need assistance evaluating or responding to the Health Care Reform Law or health care compliance, risk management, transactional, operational, reimbursement, or public policy concerns, please contact the author of this update, Cynthia Marcotte Stamer, at (469) 767-8872, cstamer@Solutionslawyer.net.

Vice President of the North Texas Health Care Compliance Professionals Association, Past Chair of the ABA Health Law Section Managed Care & Insurance Section and the former Board Compliance Chair of the National Kidney Foundation of North Texas, Ms. Stamer has more than 23 years experience advising health industry clients about these and other matters. A popular lecturer and widely published author on health industry and human resources matters, Ms. Stamer continuously advises health industry clients about health industry and other related concerns. Ms. Stamer also publishes and speaks extensively on health and managed care industry regulatory, staffing and human resources, compensation and benefits, technology, public policy, reimbursement and other operations and risk management concerns. Her insights on these and other related matters appear in the Health Care Compliance Association, Atlantic Information Service, Bureau of National Affairs, World At Work, The Wall Street Journal, Business Insurance, the Dallas Morning News, Modern Health Care, Managed Healthcare, Health Leaders, and a many other national and local publications. For additional information about Ms. Stamer, her experience, involvements, programs or publications, see here.

You can review other recent health care and internal controls resources and additional information about the health industry and other experience of Ms. Stamer here. If you or someone else you know would like to receive future updates about developments on these and other concerns, please be sure that we have your current contact information – including your preferred e-mail – by creating or updating your profile at here or e-mailing this information here. To unsubscribe, e-mail here.

©2010 Solutions Law Press. All rights reserved.


NCPDP SCRIPT 10.6 Approved As Medicare Part D/Advantage E-Prescribing Option

July 1, 2010

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) today (July 1, 2010) issued an interim final rule (Rule) that permits the voluntary use of the National Council for the Prescription Drug Programs (NCPDP) Prescriber/Pharmacist Interface SCRIPT standard, Implementation Guide, Version 10, Release 6 (Version 10.6) (NCPDP SCRIPT 10.6) for conducting certain e-prescribing transactions for the Medicare Part D electronic prescription drug program. Review the Rule here.

Prior to the adoption the Rule, only NCPDP SCRIPT 8.1 was authorized for use in communicating Medicare Part D medication history among sponsors, prescribers and dispensers. The Rule revises Regulation §423.160(b)(4) to specify that entities now may use either NCPDP SCRIPT 10.6 or 8.1 for the communication of Medicare Part D medication history among sponsors, prescribers, and dispensers.

Along with the rule, CMS issued a request for comments on the Rule.  The deadline for interested parties to comment is 5 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time on August 30, 2010.

Section 101 of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA) (Pub. L. 108-173) requires that Prescription Drug Plan (PDP) sponsors, Medicare Advantage (MA) organizations offering Medicare Advantage-Prescription Drug Plans  and other Medicare Part D sponsors (Plans) provide for electronic transmittal the prescribing provider, dispensing pharmacy and the dispenser of information about:

  • Eligibility,
  • Benefits (including drugs included in the applicable formulary, any tiered formulary structure and any requirements for prior authorization),
  • The drug being prescribed or dispensed and other drugs listed in the medication history,
  • The availability of lower cost, therapeutically appropriate alternatives (if any) for the drug prescribed, and
  • Certain other information.

Before the Rule, CMS had approved NCPDP SCRIPT 8.1 for conducting these electronic transmittals.

As a consequence of the Rule, Plans, prescribers and dispensers now may use either NCPDP SCRIPT 10.6 or 8.1 when conducting e-Prescribing to conduct:

  • Get message transaction.
  • Status response transaction.
  • Error response transaction.
  • New prescription transaction.
  • Prescription change request transaction.
  • Prescription change response transaction.
  • Refill prescription request transaction.
  • Refill prescription response transaction.
  • Verification transaction.
  • Password change transaction.
  • Cancel prescription request transaction.
  • Cancel prescription response transaction.
  • Fill status notification transaction.
  • For the communication of Medicare Part D medication history among sponsors, prescribers, and dispensers.

The MMD does not require that prescribers or dispensers implement e-Prescribing, prescribers and dispensers who electronically transmit prescription and certain other prescription-related information for Medicare Part D covered drugs prescribed for Medicare Part D eligible individuals, directly or through an intermediary, must comply with any applicable final standards that are in effect.  The Rule provides new choices on how to accomplish this.

The author of this update, attorney Cynthia Marcotte Stamer, has extensive experience advising and assisting health care providers and other health industry clients with reimbursement, compliance, public policy, regulatory, staffing, and other operations and risk management matters. You can get more information about her health industry experience here.   If you need help with these or other compliance concerns, wish to ask about arranging for compliance audit or training, or need legal representation on other matters please contact Ms. Stamer at (469) 767-8872 or via e-mail here

Other Recent Developments

If you found this information of interest, you also may be interested in reviewing some of the following recent Updates available online by clicking on the article title:

For More Information

We hope that this information is useful to you.  If you need assistance evaluating or responding to the Health Care Reform Law or health care compliance, risk management, transactional, operational, reimbursement, or public policy concerns, please contact the author of this update, Cynthia Marcotte Stamer, at (469) 767-8872, cstamer@Solutionslawyer.net.

Vice President of the North Texas Health Care Compliance Professionals Association, Past Chair of the ABA Health Law Section Managed Care & Insurance Section and the former Board Compliance Chair of the National Kidney Foundation of North Texas, Ms. Stamer has more than 23 years experience advising health industry clients about these and other matters.  A popular lecturer and widely published author on health industry and human resources matters, Ms. Stamer continuously advises health industry clients about these and other related concerns.  Ms. Stamer also publishes and speaks extensively on health and managed care industry regulatory, staffing and human resources, compensation and benefits, and other operations and risk management concerns.  Her insights on these and other related matters appear in the Health Care Compliance Association, Atlantic Information Service, Bureau of National Affairs, World At Work, The Wall Street Journal, Business Insurance, the Dallas Morning News, Modern Health Care, Managed Healthcare, Health Leaders, and a many other national and local publications.  For additional information about Ms. Stamer, her experience, involvements, programs or publications, see here.  

You can review other recent health care and internal controls resources and additional information about the health industry and other experience of Ms. Stamer here.  If you or someone else you know would like to receive future updates about developments on these and other concerns, please be sure that we have your current contact information – including your preferred e-mail – by creating or updating your profile at here or e-mailing this information here. To unsubscribe, e-mail here.

©2010 Solutions Law Press.  All rights reserved.


Medicare Ends Fox Insurance Company Drug Plan Contract As CMS Turns Up Heat on Medicare Advantage & Part D Plan Enforcement & Oversight

March 16, 2010

By Cynthia Marcotte Stamer

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) terminated its Medicare Part D prescription drug coverage contract with Fox Insurance Company (Fox) on March 9, 2010.    The action highlights CMS’s growing scrutiny and enforcement of Medicare requirements against Medicare Part D, Medicare Advantage Plans and other federal health care program contractors.

CMS terminated the Fox contract after CMS found the failure by Fox’s plan and services to meet Medicare’s requirements to provide enrollees with prescription drugs according to recognized standards of care jeopardized the health and safety of Fox enrollees.   When announcing the contract termination, CMS reported that an on-sight review by CMS showed that Fox committed a series of violations, including improperly denying its enrollees coverage of critical HIV, cancer, and seizure medications. CMS issued an enrollment and marketing sanction to Fox on Feb. 26, 2010, because the organization was not following Medicare’s rules for providing prescription drug coverage to its enrollees.   According to CMS, an onsite audit conducted between March 2 and March 4 showed that Fox’s problems persisted and that Fox continued to subject its enrollees to obstacles in getting sustaining medicines or other needed medications.  Among other things, CMS found Fox:

  • Failed to provide access to Medicare prescription drugs benefits by imposing unapproved prior authorization and step therapy criteria that made it more difficult for beneficiaries to get drugs that are protected by law;
  • Failed to meet the plan’s appeals deadlines; and
  • Did not comply with Medicare regulations requiring enrollees to be transitioned to new drugs at the beginning of the new plan year.
  • Failed to notify enrollees about prior authorization and step therapy determinations as required by Medicare.

CMS also found that many of the obstacles were in place to limit access to high-cost drugs, which could have led to enrollees’ clinical needs not being met.

In many cases, CMS reported that Fox required enrollees to have unnecessary and invasive medical procedures before they were able to obtain drugs. Finding that Fox was unable to satisfactorily address these compliance concerns and furnish medicines to its Medicare enrollees, CMS immediately terminated the Fox contract.

At the time of the termination, more than 123,000 Medicare beneficiaries were enrolled in Fox plans. Beginning March 10, 2010, CMS indicated that LI-NET, a Medicare run program administered by Humana, would replace the Medicare Part D coverage of  enrollees affected by the Fox contract termination on an interim basis. Fox enrollees will be able to choose a new Medicare prescription drug plan through May 1, 2010. Current enrollees who do not choose a plan will be enrolled into a new plan by Medicare. CMS is sending letters explaining the actions taken by CMS to enrollees and has established a 1-800 number to receive questions.

The action against Fox is part of an ongoing series of oversight, disciplinary and enforcement actions by CMS against Medicare Advantage and other federal health care program participants.  These programs and CMS’ oversight and enforcement of federal programs are drawing increasing Congressional scrutiny in connection with Congressional health care reform efforts. Amid this heightened scrutiny, Medicare Part D and Medicare Advantage Plans; health care providers, administrative services providers and others contracting with these plans and others involved with this programs should take appropriate action to maintain compliance, tighten their contracts with and oversight of actions of partners and vendors performing critical functions; review complaint reporting, investigation and response processes and procedures; and strengthen other practices to minimize exposures to audit or other enforcement actions.

For Assistance With Medicare Managed Care or Other Matters

If your organization needs advice or assistance about Medicare Part D or other Medicare Advantage contracting or other requirements or about other health plan or health care matters, consider contacting the author of this article, Curran Tomko Tarski LLP Partner Cynthia Marcotte Stamer at (214) 270-2402 or via e-mail here

Past Chair of the ABA Health Law Section Managed Care & Insurance Section, Chair of the American Bar Association RPTE Employee Benefits & Compensation Committee and an ABA Joint Committee on Employee Benefits Council member,  Ms. Stamer has more than 22 years experience advising health plans, health care providers, and other health industry and insurance clients.  Her experience includes specific experience assisting Medicare, Medicaid and other health plan sponsors, administrators,  or administrative services providers about contracting, compliance, coverage and other matters.    A popular lecturer and widely published author on health industry matters, Ms. Stamer also conducts compliance and other training on Medicare Advantage and other contract and compliance matters, as well as a broad range of other health industry related concerns.  Ms. Stamer also publishes and speaks extensively on health and managed care industry quality, regulatory, reimbursement, and other operations, risk management and public policy concerns.  Her insights on health industry matters appear in the Health Care Compliance Association, Atlantic Information Service, Bureau of National Affairs, World At Work, The Wall Street Journal, Business Insurance, the Dallas Morning News, Modern Health Care, Managed Healthcare, Health Leaders, and a many other national and local publications.  For additional information about Ms. Stamer, her experience, involvements, programs or publications, see here.  

Other Recent Developments & Resources

If you found this information of interest, you also may be interested in reviewing some of the following recent updates available online by clicking on the article title:

You can review other recent health plan, health care and internal controls resources and additional information about the health industry and other experience of Ms. Stamer here.  If you or someone else you know would like to receive future updates about developments on these and other concerns, please be sure that we have your current contact information – including your preferred e-mail – by creating or updating your profile at here; e-mailing this information to cstamer@cttlegal.com; or registering to participate in the distribution of these and other Solutions Law Press updates here. For important information concerning this communication click here.   

To unsubscribe, e-mail here.

©2010 Cynthia Marcotte Stamer.  All rights reserved.


CMS Publishes Updated FY 2010 Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Prospective Payment System Final Rule

August 7, 2009

On August 6, 2009, the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) published its updated final rule governing the payment rates for inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs) for Federal fiscal year (FY) 2010.  The provisions of the final rule generally are effective October 1, 2009 and will apply to IRF discharges occurring on or after October 1, 2009 and on or before September 30, 2010 (FY 2010).  However, amendments to Sections 412.23, 412.29, and 412.622 don’t take effect until January 1, 2010.

Among other things, the final rule:

  • Updates the FY 2010 IRF PPS relative weights and average length of stay values using the most current and complete Medicare claims and cost report data in a budget neutral manner;
  • Updates the FY 2010 IRF facility level adjustments (rural, LIP, and teaching status adjustments) using the most current and complete Medicare claims and cost report data in a budget neutral manner;
  • Updates the FY 2010 IRF PPS payment rates by the proposed market basket;
  • Updates the FY 2010 IRF PPS payment rates by the wage index and labor-related share in a budget neutral manner;
  • Updates the outlier threshold amount for FY 2010;
  • Updates the cost-to-charge ratio ceiling and the national average urban and rural cost-to-charge ratios for purposes of determining the outlier payments under the IRF PPS for FY 2010;
  • Removes the words “or assessment” from Sections 412.23(b)(3) and 412.29(b) to indicate that CMS is no longer providing for a 3 to 10 day inpatient assessment period after admission to an IRF to assess the appropriateness of the IRF admission;
  • Amends paragraphs Section  412.23(b)(4) and Section 412.29(c) to require that IRFs “furnish, through the use of qualified personnel, rehabilitation nursing, physical therapy, and occupational therapy, plus, as needed, speech-language pathology, social services, psychological services (including neuropsychological services), and orthotic and prosthetic services;”
  • Replaces the word “multidisciplinary” with the word “interdisciplinary” in Section 412.23(b)(7) and Section  412.29(e) to make the terminology consistent with the new IRF coverage criteria in Section 412.622(a);
  • Requires in both Section  412.23(b)(7) and Section 412.29(e) that the interdisciplinary team meetings occur at least once per week (rather than once every two weeks) to be consistent with the new IRF coverage criteria in Section  412.622(a);
  • Adds new paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) to Section 412.622(a) to implement new IRF coverage requirements;
  • With respect to Sections  412.604, 412.606, 412.610, 412.614 and 412.618, removes from Section  412.614(a) current subparagraph (3); and
  • In Section  412.614(d), makes a technical correction to the paragraph formerly designated as paragraph and assigns the revised language to a new paragraph (1)(a), redesignates paragraph (2) as (1)(b), and adds a new paragraph (2).

You can review the actual text of the final rule here.

For More Information

The author of this article, Curran Tomko and Tarski LLP Health Care Practice Chair Cynthia Marcotte Stamer has extensive experience advising and assisting health industry clients and others about a diverse range of health care policy, regulatory, compliance, risk management and operational concerns.  You can get more information about her health industry experience here.  

We hope that this information is useful to you.  If you need assistance monitoring, evaluating or responding to these or other proposed health care or other regulatory reforms or with other health care compliance, risk management, transaction or operation concerns, please contact the author of this update, Curran Tomko Tarski LLP Health Practice Group Chair, Cynthia Marcotte Stamer, at (214) 270-2402, cstamer@cttlegal.com or your other favorite Curran Tomko Tarski LLP Partner.

We also encourage you and others to join the discussion about these and other health care reform proposals and concerns by joining the Coalition for Responsible Health Care Reform Group on Linkedin, registering to receive these updates here.

Other Helpful Resources & Other Information

We hope that this information is useful to you.   If you found these updates of interest, you also be interested in one or more of the following other recent articles published on our electronic Solutions Law Press Health Care Update publication available here. If you or someone else you know would like to receive future updates about developments on these and other concerns, please register to receive this Solutions Law Press Health Care Update here and be sure that we have your current contact information – including your preferred e-mail- by creating or updating your profile at here. You can access other recent updates and other informative publications and resources provided by Curran Tomko Tarski LLP attorneys and get information about its attorneys’ experience, briefings, speeches and other credentials here.

For important information concerning this communication click here.  If you do not wish to receive these updates in the future, send an e-mail with the word “Remove” in the Subject to support@SolutionsLawyer.net.

©2009 Cynthia Marcotte Stamer.  All rights reserved. 

 


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